Fertility Preservation
What is it?
Every woman is born with all her eggs in their ovaries. Throughout her life, the vast majority of eggs, or follicles, will die. Between 48-55 years of age, menopause will begin as a course of the woman’s reproductive life. As a woman reaches the age of 35, both quality and quantity of eggs begin to decrease. We call an index that represents the number of remaining eggs ‘ovarian reserve’ and this is to measure the fertility capability. Before the ovarian reserve goes down, it is necessary to preserve healthy eggs for future use.
How does it work?
  • Cryopreservation after Egg Collection
    It is an ideal method of fertility preservation for a single woman. Just like a usual IVF process, more than one egg will be ovulated and collected via controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). An egg or eggs will be then cryopreserved without insemination. This has a higher chance of success than cryopreservation of ovarian tissue; however, cancer patients who wish to go through the procedure need a certain period of time ahead of COH.
  • Cryopreservation after IVF
    A married woman may try cryopreservation after IVF. It is to go through the same IVF cycle; however, the fertilized embryo will be frozen for storage instead of being transferred.
  • Cryopreservation of Ovarian Tissue
    Through a minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy), ovarian tissues will be collected and preserved. The frozen tissue will be then transferred back into subcutaneous tissues or abdomen to recover the ovarian function according to a family plan.
To whom is it used?
A woman with a history of ovarian surgery
A woman with endometriosis
A woman with a family history of early menopause
A cancer patient who needs anticancer or radiation treatment
A woman suspected of ovarian insufficiency
A woman who wishes to preserve her fertility at its best condition